The Concept of Victim Compensation: An Introduction

Vol – 2 | Issue – 1 | Jan – 2024

Abstract:  The  term, ‘ Victim’  varies  in  different  legal,  social,  psychological  or  criminological  contexts. Victims  are  the  sufferers  of  moral,  physical  or  material  damage  as  a  direct  result  of  crime. It  also  includes  those  who  have  close  relationship  with  a  person  who  died  as  a  result  of  a  crime. ‘Ubi  jus,  ibi remedium’is  the  basic  principle  in  the  tort which states  that  there  is  no  wrong  without  a  remedy  and  the  rule  of  law  requires  that  wrongs  should  not  remain  un  redressed. The  term, ‘Compensation’  in  the  present  time  context  means  amends  for  the  loss  sustained. It  is  used  in  relation  to  a  wrongful  act,  which  causes  the  injury. Literally,  compensation  means  the  money  or  kind  which  is  given  to  compensate  for  loss  sustained  by  the  victim  of  crime  or  by  the  representative  of  the  deceased  or  who  has  suffered  of  pecuniary  loss  or  non- pecuniary  loss.

Keywords: Crime, Remedy, Loss, Victim, Compensation

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